Python Simple Dice Game

Python Simple Dice Game

Here’s a simple program in Python that demonstrates some important fundamental concepts in computer programming. The program simulates two players taking it in turns to roll a 6-sided dice, and keeps track of the scores. It makes use of the three basic control structures of sequence, selection and iteration.

Sequence

This involves thinking about the order in which instructions need to be executed to produce the desired result.

Selection

This involves choosing (selecting) different paths through a program based on conditions specified by the programmer.

Iteration

One of the most powerful aspects of computers is their ability to perform repetition. Iteration is a kind of repetition which often involves loops such as for loops and while loops.

As well as these 3 basic control structures, This simple program covers some other important fundamental programming skills.

  • Creating variables, using descriptive names
  • Working with strings and integers
  • Outputting information to the screen
  • Updating the value of a variable
  • Creating random values using Python’s random module
  • Python comparison operators

The Python random module is used to simulate rolling a 6-sided dice using random.randint(1, 6). According to the docs, this functions Gets a random integer in the range [a, b] including both end points.

Before looking at the listing below, you might want to try and write the program for yourself, if you have sufficient knowledge for the task to be within reach of your ability. Otherwise you should type the code into a Python editor such as IDLE, rather than copy/pasting, run the program, and then see if you can work out how the program produces the result that it does.

Python Simple Dice Game Code Listing

# Needed to create random numbers to simulate dice roll
import random

# Initialise player scores to 0
player1_score = 0
player2_score = 0

# Repeat everything in this block 10 times
for i in range(10):

    # Generate random numbers between 1 and 6 for each player.
    player1_value = random.randint(1, 6)
    player2_value = random.randint(1, 6)

    # Display the values
    print("Player 1 rolled: ", player1_value)
    print("Player 2 rolled: ", player2_value)

    # Selection: based on comparison of the values, take the appropriate path through the code.
    if player1_value > player2_value:
        print("player 1 wins.")
        player1_score = player1_score + 1  # This is how we increment a variable
    elif player2_value > player1_value:
        print("player 2 wins")
        player2_score = player2_score + 1
    else:
        print("It's a draw")

    input("Press enter to continue.")  # Wait for user input to proceed.

print("### Game Over ###")
print("Player 1 score:", player1_score)
print("Player 2 score:", player2_score)

Python Simple Dice Game Output

This lesson has demonstrated several important programming concepts using the Python programming language. I hope it was helpful.

Happy computing.

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