When you install Python on your computer, it comes with the standard library which is a collection of modules that allow you to do all sorts of useful things such as mathematical calculations, interacting with the operating system, building GUIs (Graphical User Interfaces) and much more.
However, it doesn’t stop there. There are thousands of third party libraries available for doing even more useful or obscure things with python. Things like handling
To install these extra packages, Pip is the preferred package manager, which has been part of the standard installation of python from python.org starting with Python 3.4, and is now included by default.
To use pip, you will need to be able to use a terminal or command prompt. This can be a bit scary for newcomers, so I’m going to walk you through it. These instructions are for Windows 10. On Mac or Linux, you need to find a program called
terminal instead of
PowerShell, but the rest is basically the same.
For example, let’s install
matplotlib and do some simple graphing:
- Go to the start menu
- Begin typing
powe...until you see the
PowerShellapplication listed as below:
- Click on the item to open the PowerShell
- Once the PowerShell is open, type
pip install matplotliband press enter
- That’s it! If all went well you will now be able to use
matplotlibin your code, as in this example:
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt plt.plot([1, 2, 3, 4]) plt.ylabel('some numbers') plt.show()
Please note these instructions assume you installed Python from python.org , version 3.4 or above, and you selected the default options during installation. If there are problems then more
yak shaving will be required than we will cover here, but do feel free to ask for help in the comments. Also, you may have already unknowingly installed matplotlib, in which case you will get a helpful message to that effect from PowerShell when you try to reinstall it.
In a recent article about using APIs with Python there was a section where we added some sound, and this required a third party package called
playsound. If you didn’t know how to install packages before, go back now and see if you can get the full version of the program (complete with
You should now hopefully be able to install whatever packages you want to extend Python’s functionality. here’s an article describing some of the more popular ones.
Happy coding, and if you get stuck write a comment and I’ll see if I can help.
You might also be interested to know that you can run python in the PowerShell simply by typing
python then pressing
Enter (assuming you installed Python using the standard version from python.org which adds python to your system path..).
Also you can run files with
python my_file_name.py assuming the file is at the current location, or you can either navigate to the folder containing the file or type the full path.